Isolation from friends and other factors during the pandemic contributed to a significant increase in screen use by tweens and teens from pre-pandemic levels.
Common Sense Media – a non-profit organization dedicated to improving the lives of all children and families – released a detailed report in March showing that screen use grew faster in 2021 than in the previous four years. . This use of tweens was six times higher in the past two years.
The pandemic was a major contributor to the change in screen usage. According to the study, the popularity of platforms like TikTok continues to grow and it may be getting more usage.
The researchers sought details about whether there were any lasting differences in youth’s use of screen media as societies began to reopen in the fall of 2021. They focused on US tweens (ages eight to 12) and teens (ages 13 to 18) and the amount of time they spent using digital devices in addition to the time they spent doing online classes and homework.
Total entertainment screen use among tweens and adolescents per day, 2015 to 2021
Entertainment screen use includes time spent watching television and online video, playing video games, using social media, browsing websites, creating content, e-reading, and other digital activities. In 2021, for the first time, time spent reading e-books was included in the total (six minutes among tweens and eight among teens), and time spent watching movies in movie theaters and using iPod Touch. was not included (accounted for seven minutes among adolescents and six minutes among adolescents in 2019). Source: Common Sense Media
The results show no dramatic change in the overall pattern of media use by tweens and adolescents in terms of the type of equipment used. The amount of time they devote to non-school screen activities has increased significantly, as social media use has spread somewhat among younger age groups.
Online video has cemented its place at the top of young people’s media hierarchy. However, video gaming did not increase dramatically during the pandemic. The top activities remain the same – online video, gaming and social media. In addition, the general pattern between tweens and teens, or between boys and girls, has continued.
Media can be used both positively or negatively. Vulnerable children are using the media excessively, or using media that contributes to mental health issues, according to Mike Robb, senior director of research at Common Sense Media.
“We need to be able to identify and support those children. But there are also some children who are using the media to lift their mood, connect with friends, or support their mental health. We need to make sure we are not explicitly displaying all screen time,” he told TechNewsWorld.
“It really depends on who’s using it, what they’re using, and what needs they’re meeting.”
More Media Experiment Findings
The report found eight key results in 2019 compared to the previous media usage report before the pandemic. The Common Sense Media study is the only nationally representative survey that tracks media use patterns, actually among a random sample of eight to 18-year-olds. According to James P. Steyer, founder and CEO of Common Sense Media, the United States.
site teen 2021 . wouldn’t want to live without
79 percent of 13 to 18 year olds who are regular users of social media and online videos (use at least once a week), the percentage who choose each site as a site they wouldn’t want to live without.
Source: Common Sense Media
In addition to the results cited above, the researchers found:
- If forced to choose, teens say YouTube is the site they wouldn’t want to live without. In fact, watching online videos is the preferred media activity of both groups among both boys and girls across racial/ethnic groups and income levels.
- The use of social media is increasing among eight to 12-year-olds. Thirty-eight percent of tweens used social media (up from 31 percent in 2019). Nearly one in five (18 percent) said they now use social media daily (up from 13 percent since 2019).
- Teens now use social media for about an hour and a half a day, but have conflicting feelings about the medium. Even though teens devote a lot of time to social media, they don’t enjoy it as much as they do with other types of media.
- The top five social media sites teens have used so far include Instagram (53 percent), Snapchat (49 percent), Facebook (30 percent), Discord (17 percent), and Twitter (16 percent).
- Tweens and teens both differ greatly in the average amount of screen media they engage in each day. Boys use more screen media than girls. Black and Hispanic/Latino children use more than white children. Children from low-income households use more than those from high-income households.
- Children consumed more media overall during the pandemic than before 2019, except for one source: reading did not increase use.
- Nearly half of all teens listen to a podcast, and one in five said they do it at least once a week. They engage with a variety of media, including media based primarily on the spoken word.
- A large number of black, Hispanic/Latino children from low-income families still do not have access to computers at home. It is one of the most basic building blocks of digital equity.
Rob was struck by the huge increase in the amount of screen time in the last two years compared to the four years before the pandemic. From 2015 to 2019, media use for tweens grew only three percent. For teens, it increased to 11 percent.
However, from 2019 to 2021 alone, media use for both tweens and teens increased by about 20 percent. This is about six times the increase we saw for tweens alone before the pandemic.
“I am also impressed by the fact that 38 percent of tweens use social media, despite the fact that most platforms are not meant to be used by people under the age of 13,” he said.
Top entertainment screen media activities among tweens and teens, 2021
Video game refers to a game played on a console, computer or portable game player. Mobile game refers to a game played on a smartphone or tablet. Source: Common Sense Media
What children do with media is as important or more important as the amount of time they spend with media, Rob offered. If kids are using great content, using technology to socialize with their friends and using technology to express themselves, they don’t think we need to worry so much about time. Is required.
“It’s when media use is replacing important activities, such as socializing, spending quality time with family, or sleeping, that worries me,” he said.
The researchers noted that they were surprised to find no significant expansion of new tablet and smartphone distribution among tweens and teens. He said the survey did not indicate that this had happened.
“We are beginning to see a slight trend towards the use of social media in earlier eras. This is particularly interesting given the ongoing debate about the impact of social media on the well-being of young people,” he wrote.
The other new media product pushed by Facebook (now Meta) is immersive media, which is accessed through virtual reality. The increase in time is only for entertainment media and not for school, distance learning or homework, Rob clarified.
At this point, use of the new medium has been slow to catch on; Slower, in fact, than the growth of podcasts, notes the report.
“I keep wondering if we’ll reach the media usage limit at some point, but we haven’t yet,” Rob said.
Changing thoughts on the impact of children
A recent study (Rideout & Robb, 2021) shows that many young people have used their digital devices during the pandemic to socialize with friends online, learn about the things they do and create and share their content. did. Steyer of Common Sense Media wrote in the conclusion of the report that this work suggests that parents and teachers should be careful about reducing children’s screen time consumption.
“It clearly plays an important role for many tweens and teens during the pandemic,” he said.
This latest survey of children’s media use shows that activities such as content creation, video chatting and online reading occur frequently among young people and are important and meaningful to them. But this increased screen time still constitutes a small fraction of overall screen usage, Steyer warned.
“Ultimately, the amount of time young people spend on content produced by others is still heavily dominated, whether it is the content they watch, read, play, or scroll through. Media given by children As time goes by, it is more important to elevate quality media by creating and highlighting shows, games, apps and books that create, inspire and provide positive representation,” he concluded.
2021 Common Sense Census: Media Use by Twins and Teens Report Available here.